The Science Behind the Artificial Tooth Root

The Science Behind the Artificial Tooth Root

An artificial tooth root is part of the process of a dental implant. When the root portion of the tooth is compromised, it is replaced by a titanium mixed alloy. The jawbone is drilled into and a metal post is secured into place. This artificial tooth root anchors the artificial teeth.

The artificial root is grafted to the jawbone to provide a sturdy structure for the artificial teeth, prevent bone loss, encourage bone growth and have a minimal impact on the surrounding healthy teeth. But this technique took a great deal of trial and error to get to where we are today.

In the beginning

Many years ago, there was such a thing as wooden teeth. Over time this progressed into teeth made from walrus, elephant and hippopotamus tusks. Dating as far back as 700 BC and as recent as 1820, some people used human teeth. The ivory discolored too quickly and the human teeth, taken from corpses, also decayed rapidly. In 1820 a man by the name of Claudius Ash set out to improve dentures by mounting porcelain onto 18-karat gold plates that had gold springs and swivels (see "Edentulous: A Brief History of Dentures").

A problem found by all, whether wooden, ivory, human or porcelain-covered gold, is that the dentures slid around. They would fall out at the most inopportune times, and laughing, talking and eating were difficult.

The progression of the artificial root

Various materials were used throughout history in an effort to secure false teeth to the jawbone — unfortunately, most were rejected. It wasn’t until 1952 that titanium dental implants were invented. This invention opened the floodgates and soon other significant improvements were discovered (see "History of Dental Implants").

Being able to secure artificial teeth into the jawbone through an artificial tooth root has improved the cosmetics and the health of patients.

The importance of the artificial root

The tooth root is an important addition as it has provided patients with a stronger bite, allowing them to eat a broader range of food. In addition, it has decreased bone damage in the face, jaw and adjoining healthy teeth, better maintaining their facial structure.

Artificial teeth look more natural with the addition of artificial tooth roots and stay put, rather than sliding or falling out. Patients no longer have to worry about dentures falling out because they laughed too hard, or sliding out of place when speaking.

The lifespan of the dental work is also longer than the average bridge or denture. Dental implants can last decades as opposed to the five- to seven-year lifespan of other dental work.

What to expect

When you and your dentist decide that a dental implant is the right procedure to improve your smile and quality of life, there is a commitment attached — the process takes several months but is well worth the time.

The procedure is performed in various stages and is customized to the needs of the specific patient. The whole process takes several visits over the course of several months.

Request an appointment here: or call Apple Tree Dental Studio at (623) 536-3377 for an appointment in our Avondale office.